Notocactus (K. Schumann) Frič (1928)

(Brasiliparodia, Malacocarpus, Wigginsia)
(greek notos = southern; latin cactus = cactus, thistle)
cactus of the south
Notocactus got its name because of its origin far distant in the south, inside of the older genus Echinocactus

globular, medium sized, partly short columnar; spines variabel, thin or broad, multi-colored or single-colored
flowers large, numerous, usually yellow with red stigma, also reddish, orange or with yellow stigma
fruits fleshy, at ripeness also thin-walled and slackly

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Distribution

lowlands of Argentinia, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay
steppes and mountains

Growth period

warm, sunny and somewhat airy with cooling down in the night
prevent full sun for slightly spined species
a location outside of the greenhouse is temporarly possible
constant moisture and humidity during the growth period
permanent wetness is to prevent

Winter period

bright but not too cold at about 46–53F (8–12°C) not complete dry
some species of this genus require a warmer winter rest not colder than 53F (12°C)
(e.g. Notocactus mueller-melchersii)

Substrat

the soil should be nutritious humus-rich and permeable to water
addition of coarse gravel, sand, loam and turf
   
Notocactus mammulosus (Lemaire) A. Berger (1929)
 
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Habitat

Brazil
Rio Grande do Sul
Uruguay, Argentinia

Description

many nipples Notocactus
globular, later somewhat elongated, to 3.9 in (10 cm) high, 2.4 in (6 cm) Ø, gray to strong green
ribs 18–20, chin shaped, strongly protruding
10–13 radial spines, barely 5 mm long, yellowish white, above and below brown
3–4 central spines, to 0.6 in (1.4 cm) long, strong, yellow, tips brown
flowers ca. 1.6 in (4 cm) long, canary-yellow, stigma purple-red

Flowering time

June in cultivation
November–December in habitat
3–4 years from seed
Synonyms Echinocactus mammulosus Lemaire (1838)
Malacocarpus mammulosus
(Lemaire) Britton & Rose (1922) (incorrect name)
Parodia mammulosa
(Lemaire) N. P. Taylor (1987)
Ritterocactus mammulosus
(Lemaire) Doweld (1999)
CITES Appendix II
 
Description of "Kakteen von A bis Z" by Walter Haage with courtesy by Kakteen-Haage made available.

 

 

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