Lophophora J. M. Coulter (1894)

(Greek lophos = meaning crest, Greek -phoros = to carry, it seemingly refers to the tufts of hairs borne on the areoles)
Peyotl, Peyote, Mescal Button
because of the tufts of hairs on the areoles

soft fleshy, without spination, simple or clumping, blueish to yellowish green, with long taproot
ribs barely deepened, intermediately with low humps; areoles densly on the crown, everywhere with felt tufts
flowers small, pink, yellowish or white; fruits red, oblong like at Mammillaria
seeds few, black, humpy, coarse

Highslide JS


USA - Texas, New Mexico
Mexico - Coahuila, Chihuahua, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas und Durango
warm arid areas, in the shade of the shrub vegetation

Growth period

full sunny and a warm location, sensitive to much moisture, keep the root neck dry
many fresh air and sufficient air movement, great heat without air movement is to avoid

Winter period

dry and light at a minimum of 39 F (4°C)


gravelly, pure mineralic with addition of some clay and gypsum
Lophophora diffusa (Croizat) H. Bravo (1967)
Highslide JS
  Highslide JS   Highslide JS


on limestone soil among the Chihuahuan desert vegetation


spread Lophophora
simple or in small clusters, soft fleshy, approximately spherically,
yellowish green, 0.8–2.7 in (2–7 cm) high, 2–4.7 in (5–12 cm) Ø,
ribs usually absent
humps seldom raised, mostly broad and flat

flowers white, sometimes slightly pink or yellowish white, 0.5–0.8 in (1.3–2.2 cm) Ø


Lophophora echinata var. diffusa Croizat (1944)
Lophophora williamsii
var. diffusa (Croizat) G. D. Rowley (1979)
Peyotl diffusus (Croizat) Sotomayor & al. (2001) (nom. inval.)


Appendix II