Gymnocalycium Pfeiffer ex Mittler (1844)

(Greek gymnos = naked, Greek kalyx = calyx)
naked flower calyx
because of the calyx without spines, bristles and hairs

usually flat globular, in age some thick columnar, very different sizes, simple or clumping
ribs 20 or less; spines adjacent or outspread, thin to very strong
flowers small short to large funnel shaped, often white or white with red center, however also yellow or red,
calyx bare and scaly; fruits and seeds very different

Highslide JS
 

Distribution

south America - Bolivia, Paraguay, south Brazil to Argentinia
almost complete south America eastern of the Cordilleras
steppes and mountains

Growth period

warm and part shady, avoid full sun, temporarily a location outdoor is possible
plants with stronger spines can get more sun
from early summer abundant watering, but standing moisture is to avoid
especially at warm weather not to sparse moisture

Winter period

bright and cool, not to dry, at 6–12°C (42–53°F), as possible not under 5°C (41°F)
mountain species occasionally also colder

Substrat

nutrient rich, very permeable to water with addition of peat
   
Gymnocalycium saglionis (Cels) Britton & Rose (1923)
 
Highslide JS
  Highslide JS   Highslide JS
         

Habitat

Argentinia
Salta, Tucuman, Catamaraca, San Juan, La Rioja - on rocky soil with low vegetation

Description

named after J. Saglion, important collector in France around 1840
broadly globular, large, to 11.8 in (30 cm) Ø, blue green
13–32 ribs, low, broadly padded, with humps, to 1.6 in (4 cm) long, with sharp across furrows
spines slightly bended to the surface, reddish brown to black, when wet bright red
8–10 radial spines, in age to 15 or more, to 1.6 in (4 cm) long

1 or more central spines
flowers 1.4 in (3.5 cm) long, white or reddish, often many simultaneously
fruits globular, reddish, split sidewards
seeds tiny, seedcoat is shiny black brown

Synonyms

Echinocactus saglionis Cels (1847)
Echinocactus hybogonus
var. saglionis (Cels) Labouret (1853) (irregular name)

CITES

Appendix II
 
Description of "Kakteen von A bis Z" by Walter Haage with courtesy by Kakteen-Haage made available.

 

 

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