Austrocylindropuntia Backeberg (1934)

southern cylinder-Opuntia
(Latin "auster" = south; Latin "cylindrus" = cylinder)
and after the genus Opuntia, because of the cylindrical shoots and the presence in south America
circular columns, different lengths, slightly branching
ribs numerous, sometimes dissolved in cusp
areoles with spines, leaves (leaf rudiments) and sometimes with hair
spines short or absent
flowers not at the ends, red, pink, yellow or white

Highslide JS


south Brazil, Paraguay, east Argentinia, Bolivia
steppes and mountains

Growth period

sunny and breezy location
possible to stay temporarily in the open
less sensitive to moisture

Winter period

dry and airy at 8–12°C (46 to 53°F)


mineral with the addition of much clay
Austrocylindropuntia salmiana (Parmentier ex Pfeifer) C. Backeberg (1942)
Highslide JS
  Highslide JS   Highslide JS


southwest Brazil, Paraguay
Bolivien - Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija?
north Argentinia - Jujuy and Salta to San Luis and Entre Ríos in 400–1900m (1312–6233 ft) altitude


named after Prince Salm-Dyck
bushy, up to 2 m (6.5 ft) tall, shoots slender, about 8 cm (3.1 in) long, 1,5 cm (0.6 in) Ø
without cusps, steeply, roundly, often reddish
spines small, whitish, sometimes absent
flowers up to 3,5 cm (1.4 in)
Ø, pale yellow
fruits scarlet


Cylindropuntia salmiana (Parmentier ex Pfeifer) F. M. Knuth (1930)
Salmiopuntia salmiana
(Parmentier) Kreuzinger (1935) (nom. inval.)
Platyopuntia salmiana (Parmentier ex Pfeifer) F. Ritter (1980) (incorrect name)
Salmonopuntia salmiana (Parmentier ex Pfeifer) P. V. Heath (1999)
Opuntia salmiana Parmentier ex Pfeifer (1837)


Appendix II
Description of "Kakteen von A bis Z" by Walter Haage with courtesy by Kakteen-Haage made available.
Picture 3 with courtesy by Konrad Meissner, Dresden, Germany made available.